verbs > Turkish Verb "to be" Negative

The Negative Particle değil not to be

The Negative not to be is formed by using the negative particle değil not. This word is invariable and not subject to vowel harmony rules.

To form the negative the personal present tense endings are affixed to değil not. The resulting verb "not to be" is written separately from the verb root.

The positive forms (see "to be" Positive Web Page) to be, am, is, are, etc. are directly added to the root word, and subject to both Vowel Harmony and Consonant Mutation.

Turkish Present Negative "not to be"

Singular Forms
  1. ben değilim I am not
    zengin değilim I am not rich
  2. sen değilsin you are not
    yorgun değilsin you are not tired
  3. o değildir he/she/it is not
    pahalı değildir it is not dear [Public, Official]
  4. o değil he is not
    şişman değilshe is not fat [Familiar, Usual]
Plural Forms
  1. biz değiliz we are not
    hasta değiliz we are not ill
  2. siz değilsiniz you are not
    yaşlı değilsiniz you are not old
  3. onlar değiller they are not
    çirkin değiller they are not ugly [Familiar, Usual]
  4. *** onlar değildirler they are not
    genç değildirler they are not young [Public, Official]

*** The third person forms using -değildirler are not usually used in day to day conversation.

They are used in Public Signs and Warnings as a reinforcement. The shortened form should always be used.

The use of the -dir form is apparent in public signs, official instructions and in newspaper reports.

Using The Personal Pronouns for emphasis

The Personal Pronouns are only used for emphasis, as the person of the verb is already apparent from the verb ending.

This is the same as many Romance Languages such Spanish and Italian.
  1. zengin değilim I'm not rich
  2. Emphasised: ben zengin değilim I am not rich
  3. hasta değil he's not ill

  4. Emphasised: o hasta değil HE is not ill

Turkish Present "to be" Negative Questions

To form Negative Questions the positive forms are simply added after değil not and written separately.

  1. zengin değil miyim? am I not rich? aren't I rich?
  2. pahalı değil mi? isn't it dear?
  3. hasta değil miyiz? aren't we ill?
  4. genç değiller mi? aren't they young?
  5. yorgun değil misin? aren't you tired?
  6. büyük değil mi? isn't it big?
  7. yaşlı değil misiniz? aren't you old?
  8. yoksul değiller mi? aren't they poor?

Turkish Past Negative "not to be"

To form the Past Tense of not to be the personal past tense endings are added to değil not

  1. değildim I was not
    zengin değildim I was not rich
  2. değildin you were not
    hasta değildin you were not ill
  3. değildi he was not
    yorgun değildi he/she was not tired
  4. değildik we were not
    mutlu değildik we were not happy
  5. değildiniz you were not
    aç değildiniz you were not hungry
  6. değildiler they were not
    yoksul değildiler they were not poor

Turkish Negative Question Form

The Negative Question regarding Past Time is formed with değil not, followed by the question forms written separately.

  1. Açık değil miydi? Wasn't it open?
  2. Mutlu değil miydik? Weren't we happy?
  3. Hava soğuk değil miydi? Wasn't the weather cold?
  4. Zengin değil miydiler? Weren't they rich?
  5. Emin değil miydim? Wasn't I sure?
  6. Mehmet meşgul değil miydi? Wasn't Mehmet busy?
  7. Yorgun değil miydiniz? Weren't you tired?
  8. Çocuklar mutlu değil miydiler? Weren't the children happy?

Turkish Question Tags

The question tags that we use in English: Isn't it?, Aren't you? , Aren't they?, Can't we?, Weren't they?, Didn't they?. etc are all translated by the single tag değil mi? in Turkish for all Persons and all Tenses.

  1. The weather is cold, isn't it? Hava soğuk, değil mi?
  2. The weather was cold, wasn't it? Hava soğuktu, değil mi?
  3. You are happy, aren't you? Mutlusunuz, değil mi?
  4. You will be happy, won't you? Mutlu olacaksın, değil mi?
  5. They are ill, aren't they? Hastadırlar, değil mi?
  6. Mehmet can win, can't he? Mehmet kazanabilir, değil mi?

Turkish Verb "not to be" Examples

The word pek very, hard, firm, quite is often used as a "gentle" intensifier, especially in negative sentences. The more direct word çok very can also be used as an intensifier in positive sentences.

  1. Mutluyum. I am happy.
  2. İyisiniz. You are good.
  3. Bozuktur. It is spoiled, broken, no good.
  4. Kolaydır. It is easy.
  5. Neşeliyiz. We are merry.
  6. İngilizsiniz. You are English.
  7. Zekidirler. They are clever.
  8. Pek/Çok şişmansınız. You are quite/very fat.
  9. Çok/Pek naziksiniz. You are very nice.
  10. Mehmet pek hastadır Mehmet is quite ill.
  11. Genç değilim. I am not young.
  12. Hasta değilsiniz. You are not ill.
  13. Pek aç değilim. I am not very hungry.
  14. Yüksek değildir. It is not high
  15. Deli değiliz. We are not crazy.
  16. Pek/Çok çabuk değil(dir). It ıs not very quick/fast.
  17. Pek nazik değilsiniz. You are not very nice.
  18. Pek zeki değildirler. They are not very clever.
  19. Zengin miyim? Am I rich?
  20. Zengin değil miyim? Am I not rich?
  21. Hasta mısınız? Are you ill?
  22. Ali bey genç mi(dir)? Is Ali Bey young?
  23. Kolay mı(dır)? Is it easy?
  24. Zeki miyiz? Are we clever?
  25. Zeki değil miyiz? Aren't we clever?
  26. Deli misin? Are you crazy?
  27. Arkadaşınız yaşlı mıdır? Is your friend old?
  28. Arkadaşım yaşlı değildir. My friend is not old.
  29. Evet,arkadaşım gençtir. Yes, my friend is young.
  30. Mehmet mutlu mudur? Is Mehmet happy?
  31. Evet, mutludur. Yes, he is happy.
  32. Hayır, mutlu değildir. No, he is not happy.
  33. Hazır mısın? Are you ready?
  34. Hazır değil misin bile? Aren't you ready yet?

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