Turkish Possessive Adjective my, your, his, our, their
Examples of the Suffixed Possessive Adjectives -im -ım -üm my
The Possessive Adjective my, your, his, her ,our, their is a suffix which obeys vowel harmony rules.
It is called a Possessive Adjective because it shows possession and describes a noun.
Question: Which cat? the answer: my cat. The word my is a Possessive Adjective describing the noun cat.
In Turkish the suffix -ım -im -um -üm added to final consonants kolum [kol-um] my arm or just -m when added to a final vowel. arabam [araba-m] my car
Turkish Possessive Adjective Reference Summary
The suffixes for all the persons: my, your, his, our, your, their.
|Suffixed to Consonants||Meaning||Suffixed to Vowels|
|-ım -im -um -üm||my||-m|
|-ın -in -un -ün||your||-n|
|-ı -i -u -ü||his/her/its||-sı -si -su- -sü|
|-ımız -imiz -umuz -ümüz||our||-mız- miz -muz -müz|
|-ınız -iniz -unuz -ünüz||your||-nız -niz -nuz -nüz|
|-ları -leri||their||-ları -leri|
- The E-Dotted Vowels Singular
- el becomes elim my hand
- diş becomes dişim my tooth
- göz becomes gözüm my eye
- gül becomes gülüm my rose
- The E-Dotted Vowels Plural
- eller becomes ellerin your hands
- dişler becomes dişlerin your teeth
- gözler becomes gözleriniz your (pl.) eyes
- güller becomes gülleri his / their roses
- The A-UnDotted Vowels Singular
- ay becomes ayım my month
- kız becomes kızın your daughter
- dost becomes dostu his / her pal
- sabun becomes sabunum my soap
- The A-UnDotted Vowels Plural
- aylar becomes aylarımız our months
- kızlar becomes kızlarımız our daughters
- dostlar becomes dostları his / their pals
- mektuplar becomes mektuplarım my books
The Plural suffix is always added first. The Possessive Suffix follows the Plural Suffix.
ellerim [el-ler-im] my hands
odalarımız [oda-lar-ımız] our rooms
Adding the Possessive Adjective to words that end in a vowel
When the word ends in a vowel then the Possessive Suffix drops its own initial vowel.
kedim [kedi-m] my cat
The Possessive Suffix does not lose its vowel when attached to the plural of a noun as it follows the final consonant of -ler
kedilerim [kedi-ler-im] my cats
The Third Person Singular Possessive Suffix -i his, her, its becomes -si (uses Buffer Letter -s-) when added to a noun ending in a vowel.
odası [oda-s-ı] his room
Buffer letter -s- is used to keep two vowels apart.
The single exception su water
The word su water is the single irregular noun in Turkish. It takes a buffer letter -y- with all its suffixes.
- su water
- suyum my water
- suyun your water
- suyu his water
- suyumuz our water
- suyunuz your water
- suları their water