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Now in Paperback. A Treatise on the Turkish Language and its Grammar.
IBSN 978-0-473-26508-3
Amazon USA Amazon UK

5.0 out of 5 Stars

This review is from: The Turkish Language Explained for English Speakers (Kindle Edition)

I have found this to be the most useful text for learning Turkish. The easy to understand explanations with good examples have really helped me grasp this difficult language.
By Raintree2 - Verified Purchase -July 15, 2012

The UK Amazon Kindle Version (MOBI format) can be purchased (about GB £6.50) and downloaded from Amazon Kindle Store UK

It has been reviewed and given 5 stars (the maximum) by a UK Verified purchaser as "Best Turkish Grammar Book on the Market, 19 May 2012". - Author: John Guise, Manisa Turkish. It consists of 43 Chapters and a Glossary. You can sample it before purchase and download to your device.

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About this Website

Home Page About the Author and about learning Turkish

Site Map Full Site map of Manisa Turkish

Starting Turkish

About Turkish A short discussion on the structure of Turkish and its differences from English.

The Turkish Alphabet Describes the Alphabet and lists the main differences from English

Turkish Nouns Describes the differing formation of Turkish Nouns and how to recognize diminutives atc.

Apocopating Noun List A list of about 60 nouns which lose their final vowel. Many of these are common daily words.

About Articles and Gender About Gender in Turkish and about the Definite and Indefinite Articles

The Grammar Basics

Vowel Harmony About Vowel Harmony and forming the plural.- Vowel Harmony for A and E

Consonant Mutation Consonant Changes to preserve correct pronunciation.- (T-D, K-Ğ, C-Ç etc)

The Main Suffixes About the little important words- of, in, on, at, from and to etc

Demonstrative Pronouns How demonstratives are formed. -this - these, that - those and that - those yonder- and all their extended forms - of this, to that, from these, with those etc.

About Buffer LettersUsing buffer letters with Personal Pronouns.- I, you, we, my, your, his, this, that, those, etc.

About Turkish Adjectives

About Adjectives (1) About adjectives and their usage, position, and formation in Turkish.

About Adjectives (2) The Comparison and Superlatives forms of Adjectives . Also about Further Shades of Degree

Intensified Adjectives Lists Intensified Adjectives - green - bright green, slow - very slow, another - quite something else, etc.

Personal Pronouns

The Personal Pronouns About I, you, he, we, etc- and their extended forms, to me, from you, on it, your our, etc.

Possessive Adjectives About the Possessive Adjective.- my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their and their use suffixed to nouns.

The Possessive Relationship What belongs to who? - The hair(s) of the dog(s), the door's handle(s) and the like - with extended forms explained.

Other Forms of the Possessive Definite and indefinite possessive compounds together with idiomatic and demonstrative forms explained.

About Var and Yok How to say- I have got a ., there is. there isn't

The Sounds of Turkish

Turkish Sound Files (MP3) Sound Files - The sound of Turkish - the eight vowel sounds, some of their differing consonant sounds and a few words in universal use.

Turkish Verbs and Tenses

The Infinitive Negative and Positive and its Uses - to swim . to be cut. not to come. not to be able to do. etc - The infinitive is the name of a verb and as such is a declinable noun.

The Verb "to be" Positive - Formation of the Present and Past of the Compliment - to be -It is big, It was big, We are rich, They are old .etc.

The Verb - "not to be" Negative - Formation of the Present and Past of the Compliment - not to be- It is not big, It was not big, We are not rich, They are not old .etc.

Present Continuous Forming the Present Continuous Tense - I am looking. I am not looking. - Also used as the Future of Intention as in English. - I am going to look. I am not going to look.

Wide Tense Positive The uses of the Simple Present Positive (Wide Tense (Geniş Zaman) Tense for habitual and ongoing situations.-I swim every day.

Wide Tense Negative The uses of the Simple Present Negative (Wide Tense (Geniş Zaman) Tense for habitual and ongoing situations.- I don't like ice cream.

The 24 Irregular Verbs A list of about 24 verbs which are sightly irregular in the Wide Tense (Geniş Zaman) Tense only - Many of these are common daily verbs, and these forms should be committed to memory.

The Future Tense The Formation of the Positive and Negative Tenses of all Verbs and the Compliment - "to be" - I will go. - I will not go. I will be rich. It will be good.

The Past Tense The Past Tenses in Turkish - Here we describe formation and usage of the Past Perfect and Past Imperfect together with the Simple Past and Future Past Tenses.. and we note that the the Past Tense Sign in Turkish is characterized by the Voiced letter -d- or its unvoiced Equivalent -t-.

The Past Indefinite The (Inferential) Tense - the Tense of Hearsay - - It seems that. - Used lot in Turkish, so it is important.- Also called the -miş tense as it formed with this suffix.

The Conditional Tense Forming conditions.- How to say - If, If ever, Unless, Whenever, Whatever.

Turkish Auxiliary Verbs A list of auxiliary verbs in Turkish. A helping verb which affects the main verb if a sentence - especially used with Arabic and foreign loan words.

Verb Moods (Tenses)

The Imperative How to give orders and advice in all differing levels of strength.

The Passive Formation of the Passive Mood and explanation of its use.

The Causative Formation of the Causative Mood and explanation of its use. How to get someone to do something.

The Co-operative Formation of the Co-operative Mood and explanation of its use. The verb form to use when things are done in concert or together [for or against].- "To kiss someone, to fight each other." - are examples of the co-operative form of verb.

The Subjunctive Formation of the Subjunctive Mood and explanation of its use in wishes and desire.

The Necessitative Formation of the Necessitative Mood and explanation of its use.- How Turkish says - should do. ought to. have got to. must do.

The Potential Mood - Positive The formation of - Can, may and might, to be able to..- "I can do it!"

The Potential Mood - Negative The formation of - Can not, may not, might not, to be unable to..- "I can't do it!"


Subject Participles How to say in Turkish- Who did what where and when.

Object Participles How to say in Turkish.- What to do or was done where and why?

Simple Participles Difference in meaning from Subject Participle. Unbelievable! Unused! Not available! etc.

While. How to say - While, Having done, Just about to - using - iken - while.

Adverbial Clauses Explained An explanation in English of Adverbial Clauses- Who did what where and when.

Time Clauses Time Clauses - "When, On doing, Just as."

All about the particle - ki About the Persian - ki - as a conjunction: that, so that, as, but what, but - and as pronoun: who, that, which - and as an idiom: so that - With many examples of usage of this difficult subject.


Demonstrative Adjectives How to say- This, that, these, those- and their extended forms - from this, to that, with those, in these etc.

Here and There. How to say - Here and There - and their extended forms - from here, to there, in here, in there etc. with examples.

Basic Spatials How to say - Right here and Just over there etc - with examples.

Lost in Space How to say - Behind, In front of, At the side of, From the back of, On top of - with examples.

Street Turkish

Talking Street Turkish Conversational expressions and daily Turkish talk, from cursing to showing gratitude and Invocation of the Deity. Also The basic hand signs used in daily body language with illustrations.

Daily Conversational Locutions How to say - Its up to me, All right, As a rule etc. - and many more interjections in daily use - a list containing 192 of them - Expand your vocabulary easily when you learn these conversational shortcuts.

About buyurun About the ubiquitous - buyurun, Would you please.

Weekdays, Months and Seasons The names of the weekdays, months and seasons. Also about the weather, and also how to count in Turkish - Turkish Numbers

The Colours The colour names in Turkish and their Intensified Forms. Pitch Black, Snow white, Deep Red etc.

Saying thanks How to say thank you in Turkish, showing its many forms and when and where to use each type of thank you phrase..

Expressing Preference How to say - I like it, Do you like it? etc.

Who are you. How to address strangers and friends or envelopes. Common daily greetings.

Much too much How to say.- Too much, Too many etc.

Street Signs - in Pictures

Some Turkish Street Signs Some public signs we may see in Turkey - explained and translated

Signs about School Some more street signs explained

The Manisa Spor Kebab House The Brochure of famous kebab house in Manisa - where I learned a lot of my Turkish.

The Turkish Milk Pudding Shop A way of life in Turkey - a visit to the Milk pudding Shop

Going to the Doctor? Doctors, Clinics and Insurance signs explained.

Toilet Talk Some words and pictures about toilets, Turkish style. This page is written in the interests of learning Turkish, nothing particularly offensive really.

Some Public Signs Some public advisory signs explained.

Turkish License Plate System Where does that car come from? Licence plate watching is a hobby in Turkey. This pages will get you started.!

Turkish Traffic Signs All the Turkish traffic signs are illustrated here. Know you Highway Code.!

The Glossaries

The verb - etmek - fully conjugated A Verb Conjugation in tabular form. You can go through the day without using many of these tenses, but if you start reading then this could be a handy reference.

Turkish Single syllable Verbs A comprehensive list of Turkish Single Syllable Verbs (177 Verbs). Many Turkish verbs roots are very short - due to the length of the suffixes to be added for mood, tense and person. - If you can learn all these then your vocabulary suddenly got wider!

FAQ's about Turkish grammar The questions and answers from some of our fellow language learners and a quick reference of Turkish grammar points - such as Vowel Harmony and Consonant Mutation and more..

Daily Conversational Word List A list of 95 Words in constant daily use

Frequently Used Words An Alphabetical list (1072 Words) which are in daily constant use as researched by an American University. - Why don't you widen your vocabulary.

Old Turkish - New Turkish Word List A Turkish word list (7216) showing Old Turkish and foreign imported words with their equivalents in new present day Turkish. Many of there words are still in use especially in newspapers and literature, although daily conversation tends to use the newer version of the word.

All Turkish Suffix List A reference list of nearly all the Turkish Suffixes in use.

Turkish Computer Terms Menu A menu page to link you to 1000's of terms used in the computer and electronic industry.

Dictionary Corner

Seslisozluk Dictionary Many suggestions for translations and shades of meaning in the major languages. Also a suggestion spot for your own ideas of inclusions within the word lists.

Zargan Dictionary The various meanings of Turkish and English words in each others' languages. Many extended meanings are also listed.

Turkish Net Dictionary Show the translations of words in English/Turkish ot Turkish/English with may examples and colloquialisms

Lingvo Dictionary This dictionary can be used as a Turkish - English or English - Turkish Dictionary by using the Change Direction Button. The dictionary is very useful as it gives multiple meanings in both languages and also gives extended and phrasal meanings together with idioms in both languages. Because of this it is easy to get the proper translation of the word in question. It also serves many other languages besides Turkish which can be chosen by the user at any time during the web session.

A Turkish point of view

Turkish Grammar From Turkish - An explanation of Turkish Grammar rules from a Turkish point of view

Turkish Vowel Harmony From Turkish - An explanation of Turkish Vowel Harmony rules from a Turkish point of view

İsim - Nouns Explains the formation and use of Simple and Derived Nouns and their Condition - In both Turkish and English translation

İsim Tamlamaları Compounds - Explains the formation and use of Compound Nouns and the Completion and Derived Nouns - In both Turkish and English translation

Zamir - Pronouns Explains the formation and use of Personal and Suffixed Pronouns - In both Turkish and English translation

Sıfat - Adjectives Explains the formation and use of Adjectives and their Completion - In both Turkish and English translation

Ekler - Suffixes Explains the use of suffixes with nouns to show Noun Condition - In both Turkish and English translation

Fiilkipi - Tenses Listing the Main tense sand their Person - In both Turkish and English translation

Advanced Section

Beginners' Corner Questions and their answers on all the basic topics of Turkish Grammar, Vowel Harmony, Consonant Mutation, and all of the well used tenses.

For Intermediate Learners A number of High School and University Exam. papers used in 2007. There files are in PDF form for viewing or downloading. The subjects include Turkish, Science, Mathematics and Social Science. - It does not matter if you know the answers or not, just looking and working at these papers will improve your understanding and grasp of Turkish.

Reduplicated Words Just like English Turkish has reduplication of words to intensify meaning. Some of these words are not true words alone, just as English examples pell mell, helter skelter. Turkish also has the added change of meaning with the use of suffixes. Very often these meanings have become special as günden güne - daily, so sometimes it is best not to guess what is being said, but to use a good dictionary to learn these specialized meanings. Reading is one of the best ways to assimilate these kinds of examples, as they appear everywhere, in novels, signs and newspapers. It is all part of the learning process.

Polis Advice A policeman's life is not a happy one! - Some ideas on how to translate daily Turkish

A Turkish Motor Insurance Policy A Comprehensive Motor Insurance Policy - Kasko - in Turkish, with translation and annotation in English. Showing that with a bit of practice you can understand official documents.

Some Turkish Jokes A lot of jokes in Turkish here gleaned from the web, some in dialect. Manisa Turkish has translated the first one only. We will publish and credit you if you wish to send us you translation of any of the jokes. Our Turkish readers are also invited to send us their English versions as English is not their own first language.

Ninni - a donkey story This is a true story about my late friend Ergun and his donkey Ninni. It is shown as an exercise in written Turkish. Translation of Ninni Story - Turkish and English. Shown as an exercise in written Turkish.

A Turkish Story - The Peach This is a true story about my adventures helping with the peach harvest in Manisa. Produced as an exercise in written Turkish. It shown in Turkish with an English translation.

Some Side Issues

How to Learn by Manisa Turkish. The Precepts of Rafael Mendez on "How to Learn" and this includes learning a foreign language.

How to Learn by Kate Fennel. How to learn Turkish by Kate Fennell. Helpful hints for learning Turkish - an article published in The Hürriyet Daily News dated 24 January 2011.

Notes on Visiting Turkey About money, mobile telephones, eating out and a little about Istanbul

A tour of Izmir Some of the interesting places and sites to visit in and around Izmir, Efesus amd Bergama, and recipe.

Accolades for us Some of the many accolades and thanks by email and blog spots about Manisa Turkish, together with comments about us from other websites.

Zaman on Sunday An article about the Manisa Turkish website and its author - October 2007 (in Turkish)

Regional Dialects in Turkey A copy of a thesis written some years ago about Regional dialects in Turkey - taken from the WEB for the interest of Learners of Turkish. (24 Pages of A4 sheets)

Prof. Lewis Jarring Lecture "The Turkish Language Reform: A Catastrophic Success" - The Jarring Lecture - 11th February 2002 by Prof. Geoffrey Lewis.

Prof. Lewis Obituary Professor Geoffrey Lewis's Obituary from The Times (London) dated February 20, 2008.

Turkish National Anthem The Turkish verse translated into English. Sound files in .MP3 and .WAV format to listen to and download and the actual music score to view and download in .JPG format

Ataturk Speech to Turkish Youth This famous speech delivered in October 1920 is shown in its original old Turkish and also in present day Turkish. An English translation is appended. Also the there is a sound file (thanks to YouTube) so you can hear the speech delivered in it entirety. There is also a chronological dateline of the major events in Mustafa Kemal Ataturks's life.

Links to other sites of Interest External links to other site which deal with Turkish life and language

The Buket Kebap Shop Our friendly local Turkish take-away here in Whakatane, New Zealand

Turkish Grammar Bites Many grammar points discussed in detail by native speakers.

These notes about Turkish have been taken from AlltheLyrics website forum. They are the contributor's own explanations of some of the difficulties of Turkish. The contributors in this forum use nicknames and we have mentioned names these in each section. Manisa Turkish thanks them and AlltheLyrics website for these notes, and we repeat them here for the interest of Turkish learners everywhere.

About Turkish Food

Turkish Sofra - About Turkish Food A brilliant article on Turkish Food by Terrie Wright Chrones. Manisa Turkish has sought permission to re-publish this article. We have been unable to contact the author, so we ask her indulgence as we show it here for the interest of our readers. This article is very accurate and is all you need to introduce you to Turkish food style.

The Growing of Olives Turkey is the world's foremost producer of olives. The information on this page has been gleaned from the open source web, but if you want your own olive tree then take a look here fro how to do it.

Curing and Pickling of Olives This page (information gleaned from the web) discusses the many ways the black, green, yellow and purple olives can be preserved.

About the Aubergine (eggplant) The aubergine in many ways is the National dish of Turkey. Have a look at this page if you want to grow them yourself (from open source web)

Four famous recipes for Aubergine How to really make the aubergine swing. Imam bayıldı, Karne Yarık. all the famous turkish recipes are here. (from the web)

Manisa Turkish Site Maps and Downloads

Descriptive Site Map This page - describes the contents of each page on the Manisa Turkish website.

A Site Menu Page Show all pages on the site in menu form.

Basic Site Map A list of each page on this site with the page title only

Manisa Turkish downloads page Get the Turkish Grammar pages for you own computer. Also included the Turkish School examination papers.

Actual Turkish Exams

OKS Turkish Exam. 01 OKS - High School Entrance Exam. Some actual Turkish High School entrance examination papers. These are not translated into English or any answers given. Really, answering them correctly is not important. However, for our intermediate learners they provide good practice in reading and comprehension in written Turkish, but if you can answer the questions, then then your Turkish is improving. - Thank you to Edu. Eğitim for publishing these papers which are reproduced annually in the Turkish press after the examinations have taken place.

OKS Turkish Exam. 02 OKS - High School Entrance Exam. - Ortaöğretim Kurumları Giriş Sınavı - 2001

OKS Turkish Exam. 03 OKS - High School Entrance Exam. - Ortaöğretim Kurumları Giriş Sınavı - 2000

OKS Turkish Exam. 04 OKS - High School Entrance Exam. - Ortaöğretim Kurumları Giriş Sınavı - 1999

OKS Turkish Exam. 05 OKS - High School Entrance Exam. - Ortaöğretim Kurumları Giriş Sınavı - 2004

OKS Social Exam. 01 Social Knowledge Test - Sosyal Bilgiler Testine geçiniz - 1999

OKS Social Exam. 02 Social Knowledge Test - Sosyal Bilgiler Testine geçiniz - 2000

OSS University Exam. öSS University Entrance Exam (Turkish) - ögrenci Seçme Sınavı - 2006

Turkish Potpourri

Banana Section - Turkish Language DescriptionAbout The Turkish language and its grammar as seen by English speakers. A nut shell overview with some of the commonly used verbal suffixes shown as examples. In Turkish words are changed by fixing other words on to them. These other little important words show motion towards, static location and motion from. These added words change their spelling according to set rules and they must follow the same vowel pattern (Vowel Harmony) as the word they are being affixed to - sometimes they also have a consonant change for ease of pronunciation.

Phrasal Verbs - English/TurkishTurkish translation of English phrasal verbs. Many phrasal verbs in English have a simple type of verb in use in Turkish. This page gives an idea of how to translate these phrasal verbs into Turkish. This contribution taken from the word-wide web at LiveMocha. We thank the author for their industry and efforts and crave their indulgence in reproducing them here for the interests of Turkish learners everywhere. Credit has been given for each of these lists; plagiarism is not a consideration as Manisa Turkish is a non-profit and non-advertising website and is solely produced for the Turkish Language learner's community.

Turkish Daily GreetingsA list of daily words in Turkish. If you can learn these then you will be on the road to making your stay in turkey very fruitful. Some of the categories are; Daily Greetings, Hello and Goodbye, Thanks and Be happy, Have a Good Journey, Well Done! and Take it Easy, Saying Yes and No, and What a pity..

Turkish VowelsAll about Turkish vowels and the Rules of Vowel harmony in the Turkish language. Vowel harmony is an important part of Turkish and you need to understand the rules in order to communicate and make yourself understood when talking, listening and reading Turkish.

Conversational Stress in TurkishA simple article on the use of conversational stress in Turkish. Although stress is quite light in the Turkish language there are a couple of places where its use is important, namely the negative of verbs and the negative potential mood. Showing stress in nouns, verbs and suffixes.

Turkish - "In spite of"Examples in Turkish and English showing the translation of -a rağmen from the Turkish to signify - in spite of, although, even so etc.

Lets Stop Smoking (in Turkish) An article on how to stop smoking in Turkish, placed here for the interest of Turkish learners. This is copy of an article about giving up smoking (© 2000 - FORSENET). We have included it here for our students to read and translate for themselves as a sample of modern published Turkish. If it also helps anyone quit cigarette smoking, then that is a double bonus for us all. We thank the copyright holders for our use of this article and crave their indulgence in the interest of Turkish language learning.

Turkish verbs in constant useA listing of 231 high usage Turkish verbs together with their English translations. Also a box in which you can display these verbs for learning purposes. These verbs are in constant daily use and will aid your understanding and reading of Turkish texts let alone including their use on a daily basis.

Let's sound like a TurkA copy of an article from the - İSTANBUL - Turkish Daily News - 27 July 2007. If you have always wondered what the trick is to sounding 100 percent Turkish without using long difficult sentences or even just cursing through adding suffixes, this list should help. (While in other countries people get lost mid sentence, Turkish language learners have found that they get lost mid word). Below are some expressions, which you can use at your own discretion and risk. Be sure they will wow and impress Turkish friends, your landlord, the bakkal, taxi drivers. But if they know you don't really speak Turkish and are just pretending, be prepared for chuckles. If nothing else they will be flattered you are trying to tap into the nuances of their language.

How to recognize Turkish WordsShowing the formation of verbs and nouns in Turkish. We have many words in English based on a root, for instance "beauty, beauteous, beautify, beautiful" as an example. On this page you can find the many suffixes which Turkish uses to modify a root word to produce the various nuances of its basic meaning.

Turkish Words and their OppositesA list of useful words in both English and Turkish together with the opposite meanings (synonyms). These words are some of the most commonly used words in all languages.

Turkish Verb Forms A list of useful verb forms in both English and Turkish together with their usage. These words and constructions are commonly used and many examples are shown.

[These examples have been gleaned from the WWW web - we thank the contributor]