verbs > Turkish Potential Negative "I cannot"

Turkish Negative Potential Mood - not able to, can't

Turkish Negative Potential - A-UnDotted Verb Formation:

Negative Potential Mood is formed inserting an -e- or -a- before the negative verb.

The verb can be active, passive, reflexive, reciprocal, or causative, thus forming a completely new verb with its own infinitive:

bakmamak to not look becomes:
bakamamak
[bak-a-ma-mak]
not to be able to look

  1. bakamıyorum
    I can't look. I might not look
  2. bakamadın or bakamıyordun
    you could not look
  3. bakamıyordu
    he was not able to look
  4. bakamazsak
    if we cannot look
    [conditional form]
  5. bakamayacaksınız
    you will not be able to look
  6. bakamadılar or bakamıyorlardı
    they could not look

Tense and personal endings are added to make the full verb form.
This includes the if.. forms of the -sa, -se Conditional Mood.

Turkish Negative Potential - A-UnDotted Verbs ending in a Vowel

The buffer letter -y- is used to keep the last vowel of the verb stem separate from the -e- -a- negative potential particle.

anlamamak to understand becomes:
anlayamamak
[anla-y-a-ma-mak]
not to be able to understand

  1. anlayamadım
    I could not understand
  2. anlamasaydın
    if you did not understand
  3. anlayamasaydın
    if you could not understand
    [conditional if]
  4. anlayamamış
    it seems he could not understand
    [inferential Tense]
  5. anlaşılamayacaksak
    if we will not be able to understood
    [passive mood]
  6. anlayamazsınız
    you cannot understand
    [simple tense -maz]
  7. anlaşamadılar
    they could not agree
    [reciprocal ş form]

Turkish Negative Potential - E-Dotted Verb Formation:

çekmemek to not pull becomes:
çekememek
[çek-e-me-mek]
not to be able to pull

  1. çekemem
    I can't pull
  2. çekemiyorsun
    you cannot pull
  3. çekilemedi
    [çek-il-e-me-di]
    it could not be pulled
    [passive form]
  4. çekemeyeceğiz
    we will not be able to pull
  5. çekememiştiniz
    you had not been able to pull

Turkish Negative Potential - E-Dotted Verbs ending in a Vowel

  1. beklemek to wait, expect becomes:
    bekleyememek
    [bekle-y-e-memek]
    not to be able to wait
  2. bekleyemesem
    if I cannot wait
    [conditional tense]
  3. bekletemeyeceksin
    [bekle-t-e-me-y-ecek-sin]
    you will not be able to let (it/him) wait
    [causative form]
  4. beklenemedi
    it could not have been expected
    [LIT: awaited - passive form]
  5. bekleyemeyeceğiz
    we will not be able to wait
  6. bekleyemezdiniz
    you couldn't have waited
  7. bekleyememişler
    it seems that they could not wait
    [inferential tense]

Turkish Negative Potential Conversational Stress

In speech this negative potential particle -a-/-ya- or -e-/-ye- is heavily accented in order to draw the attention of the listener to the correct tense and mood.

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