spatials > Turkish Basic Spatials

Turkish Spatials: "here and there"

The suffix -re- -ra- means place or place of..

nerede?Where?
[Lit: ne-re-de "what-place-at"]

Similarly the Turkish demonstratives:

bu şu o this, that, that (yonder)
are suffixed with -ra- "place of" to form the basic spatials:

  • bura here
    [LIT: this place]
  • şura there
    [LIT: that place]
  • ora that yonder
    [LIT: that place over there]

These words are seldom used in this pure form.

They are suffixed to show where, from, to, towards,

Forming Turkish Extended Spatials

Turkish Spatials - Static Position

Static Position Suffix: [locative] -de/-da in, on, at forms Basic Locatoion: →

  • Turkish singular specific place:
  • burada here
    [Lit: bu-ra-da "this-place-at"]
  • şurada there
  • orada over there
  • nerede? where?
  • The plural is spatially more vague:
  • buralarda hereabouts, around here
  • şuralarda thereabouts, around there
  • oralarda thereabouts over there, around about over there
  • nerelerde? whereabouts?
Turkish Spatials - Movement Away.

Adding the Movement Away Suffix [ablative] -dan / -den from

  • buradan from here
  • şuradan from there
  • oradan from there
  • nereden? where from?
  • The plural is spatially more vague
  • buralardan from hereabouts, from around here
  • şuralardan from thereabouts
  • oralardan from thereabouts (distant)
  • nerelerden? from whereabouts?
Turkish Spatials - Movement Toward

Adding the Movement Toward suffix [dative] -a/-e to, towards

  • buraya to here
  • şuraya to there
  • oraya to there
  • nereye? where to?
  • The plural is spatially more vague
  • buralara to hereabouts
  • şuralara to around there
  • oralara to thereabouts
  • nerelere? to whereabouts?
Turkish Spatial Conditions

All the various Noun Conditions can be used to extend the spatials.

  • bura(sı) here
  • burayı here (obj.)
  • buraya to here
  • burada at here
  • buradan from here
  • buranın belonging to here, of here
  • buralar hereabouts
  • bura(sı)yla with this place here
  • The same is also valid for şura(sı), ora(sı) and also interrogative nere(si)?
Turkish Spatial Examples
  • Buralarda bir güzel restoran var mı?
    Is there a good restaurant around here?
  • Buraya gel!
    Come [to] here!
  • Oradan yeşil bir araba geldi.
    A green car came from over there.
  • Şurada büyük bir otel var.
    There is a big hotel there.

şura has a diminutive form in widspread use:

şuracıkjust here / just there

  • Şuracıkta gazeteyi koyun.
    Put the newspaper just there / here.
  • There are similar forms for:
  • bura buracık
    this just here
  • ora oracık.
    that just over there
  • These forms in use, but not as much as şuracık