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Turkish Future Tense Formation

The future tense sign is -ecek- or -acak- to which the personal suffixes are attached. When a personal ending which begins in a vowel is suffixed then the final -k- of this tense sign is softened to a -ğ- thus producing the forms to -eceğ- or -acağ-

Usage of the Turkish Future Tense

The Future Tense is used for :
Decisions: İlerde doktor olacağım. I'm going to be a doctor in the future.
Offers and Promises: Sana bisiklet alacağım. I will buy you a bicycle.
Predictions: Hava yarın çok güzel olacak. The weather will be fine tomorrow.
Commands: İlk önce bunu bitireceksin. First of all you will finish this.
Obligations: Yarına ödeviniz bitecek. By tomorrow our duty must finish.

Formation of the Turkish Future Tense

In pronunciation the Future Negative is often pronounced gelmiyeceğim that is: the Negative Particle -me- or -ma- abrades to -mi- or - mı-

Turkish Future Tense Conjugation Example
Positive Verb gelmek to comeNegative Verb gelmemek not to come
geleceğimI shall comegelmeyeceğimI shall not come
geleceksinyou will comegelmeyeceksinyou will not come
O gelecekhe will comeO gelmeyecekhe will not come
geleceğizwe shall comegelmeyeceğizwe shall not come
geleceksinizyou will comegelmeyeceksinizyou will not come
geleceklerthey will comegelmeyeceklerthey will not come

Turkish future tense Verb Stem ends in a Vowel

The buffer letter -y- is used if the verb stem ends in a vowel in order to keep the vowels apart when the -ecek future suffix is added the verb.

Turkish Future Tense - Verb stem terminates in a vowel
Positive Verb aramak to seek, look forNegative Verb aramamak not look for
arayacağım [ara-y-acağım] I shall look foraramayacağım [arama-y-acağım] I shall not look for
arayacaksın you will look foraramayacaksın you will not look for
O arayacak he will look forO aramayacak he will not look for
arayacağız we shall look foraramayacağız we shall not look for
arayacaksınız you will look foraramayacaksınız you will not look for
arayacaklar they will look foraramayacaklar they will not look for

Turkish Future Tense is abraded in Conversation

If a verb stem ends in -a or -e as does ara-mak above, then the final -a or -e is sometimes pronounced as and -i the positive future tense. eg:arıyacağım. Also as the stem of the positive verb ends in a vowel then a buffer letter -y- is inserted to separate two vowels ara-y-acağım (as written) or arı-y-acağım (as spoken)

Some Examples of this Vowel Change
söyleyecek he wil speak (as written), becomes söyliyecek he will speak (as spoken)
oksayacaklar they will caress/stroke (as written), becomes oksıyacaklar they will caress (as spoken)
However, the verb stems which end with a final vowel or -i or -o or or -u or do not mutate and retain their original vowel when the future tense sign is added to the verb stem. For Instance yürümek to walk retains its final in the future tense yürüyecek and uyumak to sleep becomes uyuyacak

Also in fast, local talk (also in television programmes the -ecak/-acak future suffix offen gets abraded in converstation thus:
Gideceğim gidicem I will go
Gideceğiz gidicez - we will go
Yazacağım yazıcam I will write
Yazacağız yazıcaz We will write
Güleceğim gülecem I will laugh
Güleceğiz gülecez We will laugh

Uyuyakaldım koşa koşa ofise gidicem şimdi I slept over, now I'll go to the office in a hurry kept on sleeping running, running

Turkish Future Tense Interrogative

The interrogative is formed as usual by placing the interrogative personal pronouns after the future tense verb root written separately but observing vowel harmony rules.

Turkish Positive Interrogative Future Tense Conjugation
yürümek to walk becomes yürüyecek future verb stem
yürüyecek miyim?Shall I walk? Am I going to walk?
yürüyecek misin?Will you walk? Are you going to walk?
O yürüyecek mi?Will he walk?- Is he going to walk?
yürüyecek miyiz?Shall we walk? Are we going to walk?
yürüyecek misiniz?Will you walk? Are you going to walk?
yürüyecekler mi?Will they walk?- Are they going to walk?
Turkish Negative Interrogative Future Tense Congugation
yazmamak not to write becomes yazmayacak future verb stem
yazmayacak mıyım?Shall I not write? Am I not going to write?
yazmayacak mısın?Will you not write?
O yazmayacak mı?Will he not write?
yazmayacak mıyız?Shall we not write?
yazmayacak mısınız?Will you not write?
yazmayacaklar mı?Will they not write?

Future of the Turkish verb olmak to be

In the Present Tense hazırım I am ready and the Past Tense hazırdım I was ready the verb "to be" is suffix, which is affixed to the word it modifies. However there is no future tense of the verb "to be" in suffix form, it does not exist. Therefore the Future of the verb olmak to become is employed to form the Future Tense of the verb "to be" hazır olacağım I shall be ready. As the verb olmak to become is a word in its own right, then it is NOT affixed as a suffix to the word it modified, but is written separately.

The Verb olmak to be/to become One of its most important auxiliary functions is its use as the Future Tense of the Verb to be. Olmak is not a suffix, is written separately.

Turkish Positive Future Tense olmak to be
Present TenseFuture Tense with olmak
hazırımI am readyhazır olacağımI shall be ready
zenginsinyou are richzengin olacaksınyou will be rich
yoksuldurhe is pooryoksul olacakhe will be poor
yoksuldurlarthey are pooryoksul olacaklar they will be poor
bugün İstanbul'dayımtoday I am in Istanbulyarın İstanbul' da olacağımtomorrow I shall be in Istanbul

The Negative Verb olmamak not to be/not to become One of its most important auxiliary functions is its use as the Negative Future Tense of the Verb not to be. Olmamak is not a suffix, is written separately.

Tukish Negative Future Tense olmamak not to be
Present TenseFuture Tense with olmamak
hazır değilimI am not readyhazır olmayacağımI shall not be ready
zengin değilsinyou are not richzengin olmayacaksınyou will not be rich
yoksul değildihe was not pooryoksul olmayacakhe will not be poor
yoksul değillerthey are not pooryoksul olmayacaklar they will not be poor
Şimdi İstanbul'da değilimI am not in Istanbul nowYarın İstanbul' da olmayacağımI shall not be in Istanbul tomorrow

Turkish Passive Mood Future

Active: kesmek to cut
Mehmet, yarın onu kesecek. Mehmet will cut it tomorrow.

Passive: kesilmek to be cut
Yarın o kesilecek. It will be cut tomorrow.
ALSO: Yarın o kesilecektir. It is to be cut tomorrow.

Active Potential Future: kesebilmek to be able to cut
Ali, yarın onu kesebilecek. Ali, will be able to cut it tomorrow.

Passive Potential Future: kesilebilmek To be able to be to be cut
Yarın o kesilebilecek. It will be able to be cut tomorrow.