verbs > Turkish Future Tense

Turkish Future Tense Formation

The future tense sign is -ecek- or -acak- to which the personal suffixes are attached.

The final -k- softens to a -ğ- becoming -eceğ- or -acağ- for First Persons -im I, -iz we

Usage of the Turkish Future Tense

The Future Tense is used for :

Decisions:
İlerde doktor olacağım.
I'm going to be a doctor in the future.
Offers and Promises:
Sana bisiklet alacağım.
I will buy you a bicycle.
Predictions:
Hava yarın çok güzel olacak.
The weather will be fine tomorrow.
Commands:
İlk önce bunu bitireceksin.
First of all you will finish this.
Obligations:
Yarına ödeviniz bitecek.
By tomorrow our duty must finish.

Formation of the Turkish Future Tense

Turkish Future Tense Conjugation Example
Positive Verb gelmek to comeNegative Verb gelmemek not to come
geleceğimI shall comegelmeyeceğimI shall not come
geleceksinyou will comegelmeyeceksinyou will not come
O gelecekhe will comeO gelmeyecekhe will not come
geleceğizwe shall comegelmeyeceğizwe shall not come
geleceksinizyou will comegelmeyeceksinizyou will not come
geleceklerthey will comegelmeyeceklerthey will not come

The Future Negative is often pronounced gelmiyeceğim that is: the Negative Particle -me- or -ma- abrades to -mi- or - mı-

Turkish future tense Verb Stem ends in a Vowel

The buffer letter -y- is used becoming -(y)acak, -(y)ecek

Turkish Future Tense - Verb stem terminates in a vowel
Positive aramakNegative aramamak
arayacağım I shall look foraramayacağım I shall not look for
arayacaksın you will look foraramayacaksın you will not look for
O arayacak he will look forO aramayacak he will not look for
arayacağız we shall look foraramayacağız we shall not look for
arayacaksınız you will look foraramayacaksınız you will not look for
arayacaklar they will look foraramayacaklar they will not look for

In speech a terminal final -a, -e mutates to -ı, -i.

söyleyecek (as written) mutates to söyliyecek (as spoken) he will speak
oksayacaklar (as written) becomes oksıyacaklar (as spoken) they will caress

Also in fast, local talk -ecak/-acak future suffix offen gets abraded in converstation thus:

Gideceğim gidicem I will go
Gideceğiz gidicez - we will go
yazacağım yazıcam I will write
yazacağız yazıcaz We will write
güleceğim gülecem I will laugh
güleceğiz gülecez We will laugh

Uyuyakaldım koşa koşa ofise gidicem şimdi.
[kept on sleeping, running, running]
I slept over, now I'll go to the office in a hurry.

Turkish Future Tense Interrogative

The interrogative is formed using the -mi- question tag written separately from the verb stem.

Turkish Positive Interrogative Future Tense Conjugation
yürümek to walk becomes yürüyecek future verb stem
yürüyecek miyim?Shall I walk? Am I going to walk?
yürüyecek misin?Will you walk? Are you going to walk?
O yürüyecek mi?Will he walk?- Is he going to walk?
yürüyecek miyiz?Shall we walk? Are we going to walk?
yürüyecek misiniz?Will you walk? Are you going to walk?
yürüyecekler mi?Will they walk? Are they going to walk?
Turkish Negative Interrogative Future Tense Congugation
yazmamak not to write becomes yazmayacak future verb stem
yazmayacak mıyım?Shall I not write? Am I not going to write?
yazmayacak mısın?Will you not write?
O yazmayacak mı?Will he not write?
yazmayacak mıyız?Shall we not write?
yazmayacak mısınız?Will you not write?
yazmayacaklar mı?Will they not write?

Future of the Turkish verb olmak to be

The verb "to be" is a suffix in the Present hazırım [hazır-ım] I am ready and the Past Tense hazır-dım [hazır-dım] I was ready

There is no future tense of the verb "to be" in suffix form, it does not exist.

The Future of the verb olmak to become is employed to form the Future Tense of the verb "to be"
hazır olacağım I shall be ready.

olmak to become is NOT suffixed. It is a word in its own right written separately.

Turkish Positive Future Tense olmak to be
Present TenseFuture Tense with olmak
hazırımI am readyhazır olacağımI shall be ready
zenginsinyou are richzengin olacaksınyou will be rich
yoksuldurhe is pooryoksul olacakhe will be poor
yoksuldurlarthey are pooryoksul olacaklar they will be poor
bugün İstanbul'dayımtoday I am in Istanbulyarın İstanbul' da olacağımtomorrow I shall be in Istanbul
Tukish Negative Future Tense olmamak not to be
Present TenseFuture Tense with olmamak
hazır değilimI am not readyhazır olmayacağımI shall not be ready
zengin değilsinyou are not richzengin olmayacaksınyou will not be rich
yoksul değildihe was not pooryoksul olmayacakhe will not be poor
yoksul değillerthey are not pooryoksul olmayacaklar they will not be poor
Şimdi İstanbul'da değilimI am not in Istanbul nowYarın İstanbul' da olmayacağımI shall not be in Istanbul tomorrow

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