Turkish Demonstratives "this, that, these, those"
- Demonstrative Adjectives: this, these, that, those
- Describe and demonstrate a particular noun:
This house is red.
Those children are young.
- Demonstrative Adjectives are invariable in Turkish and cannot be suffixed.
- Demonstrative Pronouns: this one, that one, these ones, those ones
- Stand in place of a particular noun:
This is red./This one is red.
Those are young./Those ones are young.
- Turkish Demonstrative Pronouns can be suffixed.
bu this (here) OR this just mentioned
şu that (nearby) OR that (which follows on)
şunlar those (nearby)
o that (over there, yonder)
onlar those (over there)
The simple Forms: bu, şu, o this, that, that yonder
bu kedi this cat
şu fincan that cup (near to, between us)
o adam that man over there, yonder
Turkish has two words for "that, those"
When adding any suffixes including the plural suffix lar buffer letter n is always used with the demonstratives, thus forming the plurals bunlar, şunlar, onlar
Şu that (nearby) OR that (which follows on) and the plural şunlar those (nearby)
Şu signifies something near by or something between the speakers.
Şu also means "that which follows" as in şu tavsiye the following recommendation.
Care must be taken using şu and its extensions as it is also used in a derogatory sense:
Şu adama bakın! Look at that bloke!
Şunu istemedim I didn't want that! (damn thing)
Şu herif kim? Who the hell is that fellow? [herif "fellow, guy, bloke, chap"]
O that (over there, yonder) and the plural onlar those (over there)
O signifies items far away or which does not lie between the speakers.
O is often used for descriptions of happenings in foreign countries and cities.