adjectives > Turkish Demonstratives

Turkish Demonstratives "this, that, these, those"

Demonstrative Adjectives: this, these, that, those
Describe and demonstrate a particular noun:
This house is red.
Those children are young.
Demonstrative Adjectives are invariable in Turkish and cannot be suffixed.
Demonstrative Pronouns: this one, that one, these ones, those ones
Stand in place of a particular noun:
This is red./This one is red.
Those are young./Those ones are young.
Turkish Demonstrative Pronouns can be suffixed.

bu this (here) OR this just mentioned
bunlar these
şu that (nearby) OR that (which follows on)
şunlar those (nearby)
o that (over there, yonder)
onlar those (over there)

The simple Forms: bu, şu, o this, that, that yonder
bu kedi this cat
şu fincan that cup (near to, between us)
o adam that man over there, yonder

Turkish has two words for "that, those"
When adding any suffixes including the plural suffix lar buffer letter n is always used with the demonstratives, thus forming the plurals bunlar, şunlar, onlar

Şu that (nearby) OR that (which follows on) and the plural şunlar those (nearby)
Şu signifies something near by or something between the speakers.
Şu also means "that which follows" as in şu tavsiye the following recommendation.

Care must be taken using şu and its extensions as it is also used in a derogatory sense:
Şu adama bakın! Look at that bloke!
Şunu istemedim I didn't want that! (damn thing)
Şu herif kim? Who the hell is that fellow? [herif "fellow, guy, bloke, chap"]

O that (over there, yonder) and the plural onlar those (over there)
O signifies items far away or which does not lie between the speakers.
O is often used for descriptions of happenings in foreign countries and cities.

The Suffixed Forms of the Turkish Pronouns

When the Turkish demonstratives are used as demonstrative pronouns then they can be suffixed:
Onu bana ver! Give me that one!
Bunlardan bir tane alin. Take one from these. Şunlara çok gülüyorum! I'm really laughing at those ones!

Turkish Demonstrative bu this

SingularPlural
bu thisbunlar these
buna to thisbunlara to these
bunun of thisbunların of these
bunu this (object)bunları these (obj.)
bunda in/on/at thisbunlarda in/etc. these
bundan from thisbunlardan from these
bununla with thisbunlarla with these

Turkish Demonstrative Şu that, that there

SingularPlural
şu thatşunlar those
şuna to thatşunlara to those
şunun of thatşunların of those
şunu that (object)şunları those (obj.)
şunda in/on/at thatşunlarda on those
şundan from thatşunlardan from those
şununla with thatşunlarla with those

Turkish Demonstrative O that over there

SingularPlural
o that yonderonlar those yonder
ona to thatonlara to those
onun of thatonların of those
onu that (object)onları those (obj.)
onda in/on/at thatonlarda on those
ondan from thatonlardan from those
onunla with thatonlarla with those

The Turkish Demonstrative suffix -ca concerning

bunca all this
bunlarca all these
onca all that
onlarca all those
şunca and şunlarca are only used disparagingly.
Ne demek olduğu şunlarca anlaşılmamıştır?
What do you mean that all those have not been understood?

The meanings of bunca and onca are plural but only used with a singular object.
bunca kedi, onca kedi all these/those cats means bu kediler, o kediler. these cats, those cats.

  • bunca/onca replaces bu kadar/o kadar all this/that amount of in Turkish.
  • Bunca emeğim boşa gitti.
  • All this work of mine was in vain.
  •  
  • Bunca kitabı, kitaplıkta dursunlar diye mi aldın?
  • Did you buy all these books (just) to fill the bookcase?
  •  
  • Bunca arkadaşımın arasından onu mu beğendin?
  • Between all these friends of mine, was it (only) him you liked?
  •  
  • Bunca yıldır bu okuldayım, böyle olay görmedim.
  • I was at this school all these years and I have not seen such a thing (before).
  •  
  • Bunca kediyi nasıl besleyeceksin ki?
  • How do you feed all these cats?

The Turkish Demonstrative Reducing suffix "-cik"

Şuncacik, yaradan ölmezsin. You won't die from such a small wound.

The Turkish Demonstrative Adjective şu

Question: Şu ne? What is that (just there)?
Answer: O bir gazete. That is a newspaper.
Şu bir gazete is incorrect and cannot be used in answers.

Adverbial Forms of the Demonstratives

bu, şu, o produce the adverbs böyle, şöyle, öyle
böyle In this way/thus
Onu böyle yaptım I did it like this
böyle is usually used with the first person pronoun

şöyle like that/in that manner
Onu şöyle yapın! Do it like that!
şöyle is usually used with the imperative.

öyle such as that/like that
Onu öyle yaptı He did it like that!
öyle is used with past tense as it is more distant.

The -ce suffix is also used with adverbs:
böylece In this way/thus
şöylece is not in general use.
öylece such as that/like that
The ce suffix give a sense of completion Böylece iş tamamlandı. The job was completed thus.

Turkish usage of böyle, öyle

Böyle bir iş yapmayın! translates to English Don't do anything like (this) that!
Turkish uses bu/böyle for a specific actions, such as "washing the car", whereas English uses that/that way
Turkish Böylece onu yapın! for English Do it that way!

şöyle böyle just so so [Lit: like that, like this as French "comme ci comme ca"]
When asked How are you? then şöyle böyle can be given as an answer "So so, I'm up and down, I'm getting on OK."
Öyle bir sağanak yağmur yağdı ki sırılsıklam ıslandım. There was such a downpour that I got sopping wet.

The "Formula Speak" Öyle mi? Well I never!, Really?. This idiom is often used in conversation.

AMAZON USA STORE

"The Turkish Language Explained for English Speakers"

Buy from USA AMAZON Store

The 502p Paperback version is priced at $39USD

Book Cover for Create Space Book

About the Book

This Treatise on the Turkish Language and its Grammar explains and answers some of the difficulties that the learner of Turkish may encounter along their way. Its focus is on Turkish grammar and logic.

Those interested in the whys and wherefores of Turkish will find the key to the particular problem of Turkish grammar and syntax by covering the basics of Turkish using many examples with explanations.

It does not contain any practice exercises or sound files as many of these can be found in other text books and internet.

It is a book to use over the whole of the learning process from basic beginner through to intermediate and advanced stages of learning.

AMAZON U.K. STORE

"The Turkish Language Explained for English Speakers"

Buy from AMAZON Kindle UK
UK Kindle EBook (MOBI) is priced at £4.00

The 502p Paper back version is priced at £24
Book Cover for Amazon Kindle Book

KINDLE PREVIEW

See preview online at Amazon

The contents of the 43 chapters range over:

Turkish Basic Grammar: Alphabet, Vowel Harmony, Agglutination, Consonant Mutation, Lack of Gender. Intermediate: Nouns and Pronouns, Adjectives, Verbs and Tenses, Possessive Relationship and Possession. Advanced: Verb Moods, Participles, Clauses, Spatials and Spatial Relationships, Word Formation in Turkish. Conversational Items: Time, Seasons, Numbers, Colours, Saying "Thankyou", About "buyurun", Expressing Need, Daily Interjections, Modes of Address, Turkish Sign Language, How to say "too much, too many", Daily Talk, Common Door Signs. Glossaries: List of Daily Locutions, Daily Word List, Irregular Tense List, Turkish Single Syllable Verb List, Intensified Adjectives List.

MANISA TURKISH via PAY PAL

Both EPUB/PDF Formats are available to download direct.

You can purchase EPUB/PDF FORMAT ($US 5.00 [GB£4.00]) direct from Manisa Turkish via PayPal.

PayPalLogo

A Turkish font is embedded for all eBook readers - Sony, Nook, Kobi.

Available in Turkey and all other non Amazon supplied counties through the Pay-Pal link above.

MANISA TURKISH Sample

Sample Cover
You can also "try before you buy" by downloading a free sample EPUB from MANISA TURKISH below.
Download Sample EPUB

Adobe Digital Editions has support for Turkish Fonts . You can update or download it to your PC to view an EPUB book correctly.

Adobe DE Download