buyurun - or the more formal - buyurunuz - is a widely used word in Turkish. There are many translations in English according to context. It is the second person Singular or Plural of the Simple Present tense of the verb - buyurmak - which basically means: Would you be so kind as to.. - [Literally: Would you deign to, to command, to decree, to make an order]
All or any of these meanings can be applied according to context - and in fact this word has become a sort of universal polite request, pleasant command, and is in constant daily use in all areas of Turkish life. A sort of catch-all word for most situations. It is a very important word to learn.
Let us consider how it is used:
When calling on someone's house and they say - buyurun it means - Please come in
When they point to a chair - buyurun - Please sit down
When they serve tea - buyurun - Please drink and enjoy
On entering a shop the shopkeeper may say - buyurun efendim - meaning - Can I help you, sir?
In a restaurant or cafe when the waiter or bar man says - buyurun -it means - What would you like?
In many busy places markets, souvenir shops, cafes etc. there is often a professional barker who will be saying to all passers by - buyurun - Come and buy
If in a cafe you ask to see what food is being prepared in the kitchen (normal in Turkey) then the answer would be - buyurun - meaning in this case - Of course you may!
When answering the telephone you say - buyurun meaning - I'm listening to your call -
Turkish speakers also say - efendim - on answering telephone phone to say - Hello- in a polite manner.
When passing people in narrow places or entering lifts etc. - buyurun - means - After you!
You can see there are many cases where - buyurun - is used and there are probably many more, you will hear it all the time when in Turkey.
Many thanks to Onur Üsünel for additions to the above section - Jan 2007, and John Rees for a further addition of - efendim - on answering the telephone - Aug 2009
Beş lira, beş lira, buyurun!
Buyurun - by the way, is pretty much the world's most useful word. It can mean - Welcome, Here you go, Have a seat, Come over here - and who knows what else.
theturkishlife.blogspot.com - Sunday, March 9, 2008